Question: What is hurricane and its effects?

What are 5 effects of hurricanes?

Storm surge, tornadoes, heavy rainfall, high winds, riptide, and death are the most major effects of hurricanes.

What exactly is a hurricane?

A hurricane is a type of storm called a tropical cyclone, which forms over tropical or subtropical waters. … When a storm’s maximum sustained winds reach 74 mph, it is called a hurricane. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating, or category, based on a hurricane’s maximum sustained winds.

What effects does a hurricane have on the earth?

Strong winds and flooding can uproot plants and kill land animals, devastating natural areas. Hurricanes may also destroy energy and chemical production facilities, gas stations, and other businesses, causing the release of toxic chemicals and pollutants into the environment.

How do hurricanes work?

A hurricane requires warm ocean water (the “fuel” of a hurricane) and a wind pattern near the surface that spirals air inward. As the warm air in the center of the storm rises, a central area of low pressure is produced, called the eye. … As the central pressure drops, more air is pulled in at the surface.

How does a hurricane affect the air?

Hurricanes bring extreme rainfall Warm air can hold more moisture than cool air. In tropical cyclones, the air is particularly warm and can hold a tremendous amount of moisture. These rains can occur not only at the coast, but many miles inland, causing flooding that can continue for days or even weeks after a storm.

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What are long term effects of hurricanes?

For example, the immediate effects of cyclones on mangroves can include defoliation, tree mortality, and erosion of surface sediments (Doyle and others 1995; Smith III and others 2009), whereas longer-term effects of cyclones can include large-scale, permanent losses of coastal wetland area, which may ultimately result