What was the initial cause of the Indian Ocean tsunami quizlet?

Which of the following caused the tsunami at Krakatau in 1883?

The 27 August 1883 explosion of Krakatau Volcano in Indonesia is one example of an eruption-caused tsunami. The eruption generated a 30m tsunami in the Sunda Strait which killed about 36,000 people, as it washed away 165 coastal villages on Java and Sumatra.

What is the main cause of tsunamis quizlet?

A tsunami is a long high sea wave caused by an earthquake, submarine landslide, or other disturbances. … Earthquakes are the main cause of tsunamis.

What is one important reason that the 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean caused so much devastation and death?

According to USGS scientists, the sea floor near the earthquake was uplifted several meters. The displacement of water above the sea floor triggered the tsunami, which caused catastrophic levels of destruction in countries around the Indian Ocean basin, reaching as far as the east coast of Africa.

What plates caused the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami?

On 26 December 2004 a tsunami occurred in the Indian Ocean. It was the result of the Indio-Australian Plate subducting below the Eurasian Plate. It was caused by an earthquake measuring more than magnitude 9. The earthquake caused the seafloor to uplift, displacing the seawater above.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  How do you calculate rain in a bucket?

Which of the following caused the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 quizlet?

What caused the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004? A 9.2 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Indonesia in the Java Trench.

What caused the 2011 tsunami in Japan and the 2004 tsunami in Indonesia?

On Dec. 26, 2004, the world’s most powerful earthquake in more than 40 years struck deep under the Indian Ocean off the west coast of Sumatra. … On March 11, 2011, a 9.0 earthquake occurred, this time near the east coast of Honshu, Japan. Like the 2004 underwater earthquake, this too unleashed a massive tsunami.

What are three of the main causes of tsunami quizlet?

What are three of the main causes of tsunami? volcanic eruptions, landslides or rockfalls, volcano flank collapses, and asteroid impacts. 2.

How are tsunamis created quizlet?

Most tsunamis are caused by earthquakes generated in a subduction zone, an area where an oceanic plate is being forced down into the mantle by plate tectonic forces. … This sudden motion is the cause of the tsunami – because it gives an enormous shove to the overlying water.