What makes an area prone to cyclone and why?

Why are some areas prone to cyclones?

They originate over oceans in tropical areas and move towards the coastal areas bringing large scale destruction caused by violent winds, very heavy rainfall and storm surges. … Although cyclones affect the entire coast of India, the East coast is more prone as compared to the West coast.

Which area is more prone to cyclones?

Thirteen coastal states and Union Territories (UTs) in the country are affected by tropical cyclones. Four states (Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal) and one UT (Puducherry) on the east coast and one state (Gujarat) on the west coast are more vulnerable to cyclone hazards.

What type of climate makes a place prone to a cyclone?

Tropical cyclones originate and intensify over warm tropical oceans. The conditions favourable for the formation and intensification of tropical storms are: Large sea surface with temperature higher than 27° C.

What causes of cyclone?

When warm, moist air over the ocean rises upward from near the surface, a cyclone is formed. When the air rises up and away from the ocean surface, it creates an area of lower air pressure below.

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Why are cyclones formed?

To form a cyclone, warm, moist air over the ocean rises upward from near the surface. As this air moves up and away from the ocean surface, it leaves is less air near the surface. So basically as the warm air rises, it causes an area of lower air pressure below. … Higher pressure air from above flows down into the eye.

Is Puri a cyclone prone area?

“Geographically, the landmass between Puri to Bhadrak in the map of Odisha juts out a little into the sea, making it vulnerable to any cyclonic activity in the Bay of Bengal,” says meteorologist Sarat Chandra Sahu, the retired Director of the India Meteorological Department’s Regional Meteorological Science Centre in …

Where are most cyclone formed in India?

​Tropical cyclones around the subcontinent form in the months of March to June, and then from October to December. Most of these storms form in the Bay of Bengal, due to higher sea surface temperatures as compared to those in the Arabian Sea, which sees far fewer cyclones.

What is a cyclone in geography?

cyclone, any large system of winds that circulates about a centre of low atmospheric pressure in a counterclockwise direction north of the Equator and in a clockwise direction to the south. … Cyclones occur chiefly in the middle and high latitude belts of both hemispheres.

Which country has the most cyclones?

b. Annual number of TC landfalls by country

Rank TLC Yearly average No.
1 CHINA 6.714
3 JAPAN 3.743
4 USA 3.31

What are the characteristics of a cyclone?

Characteristics of Cyclone

  • The average speed is 120 kmph. Although it may vary from 32 kmph to 200 kmph or more. At times it reaches 400 kmph also.
  • They have closed isobars. The pressure gradient is very sharp. …
  • Tropical cyclones develop over oceans and seas only. They are most violent and vigorous over water.
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