How does the ocean influence weather?
The oceans influence climate by absorbing solar radiation and releasing heat needed to drive the atmospheric circulation, by releasing aerosols that influence cloud cover, by emitting most of the water that falls on land as rain, by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it for years to millions of …
How does the ocean affect California’s climate?
Ocean waters along California’s coast are warming. California’s coastal water temperatures are rising. The oceans absorb and store large amounts of heat and play a central role in climate by transporting stored-up heat and exchanging it with the atmosphere.
Why do ocean currents in the Pacific have more effect on climate of the West Coast of the United States than Gulf Stream has on the East coast?
The earth’s rotation and strong seasonal winds push surface water away from some western coasts, so water rises on the western edges of continents to replace it, which is why the ocean is so much colder on the east coast than the west coast.
How does this current affect the climate along the West Coast of the US?
But the California Current has a big effect on the climate of the West Coast of the United States. Summer temperatures differ less from winter temperatures along the West Coast than they do inland. Usually, the climate along the West Coast is cooler than the climate of inland areas at the same latitude and elevation.
How do oceans influence weather and climate quizlet?
Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.
How does weather and climate affect the ocean?
As greenhouse gases trap more energy from the sun, the oceans are absorbing more heat, resulting in an increase in sea surface temperatures and rising sea level. Changes in ocean temperatures and currents brought about by climate change will lead to alterations in climate patterns around the world.
How does the current on the West Coast and the East Coast affect the climate and weather patterns for North America?
Along the west coast of the U.S., the California Current carries cold water from the polar region southward, keeping the west coast relatively cooler than the east coast.
Why is West Coast water cold?
The water along the coast of California is cold for a couple of reasons. First, the California Current brings cold water from Alaska southward along the coast. And second, cold water from the deep ocean comes up to the surface through a process called upwelling. … So water from the deep ocean is sucked to the surface.
What effect does the water temperature of the Pacific Ocean have on California weather?
Warmer waters, which recently hit over 81 degrees Fahrenheit off Southern California, heat masses of air near the ocean, which then boost and sustain temperatures on the coast. The effect in these communities — which historically have had no use for air conditioners — has been palpable.
How does the ocean keep West Coast cities cool during the summer?
Ocean currents act as conveyer belts of warm and cold water, sending heat toward the polar regions and helping tropical areas cool off, thus influencing both weather and climate. … When water molecules are heated, they exchange freely with the air in a process called evaporation.