How does mid-latitude affect climate?
The area between the warm tropics and the chilly poles is called the mid latitudes. Climates in this zone are affected by both warm, tropical air moving towards the poles and cold, polar air moving towards the equator. Chaparrel: This ecosystem has wet-winters and dry-summers.
What are the effects of mid-latitude cyclone?
Mid-latitude cyclones form in winter in the mid-latitudes and move eastward with the westerly winds. These two- to five-day storms can reach 1,000 to 2,500 km (625 to 1,600 miles) in diameter and produce winds up to 125 km (75 miles) per hour. Like tropical cyclones, they can cause extensive beach erosion and flooding.
What happens when a mid-latitude cyclone passes?
If the cyclone center passes to the south an area will experience clouds and rain but the temperature will not change much and severe storms are uncommon. As the cyclone develops it often forms a characteristic “comma shaped” cloud mass. An occluded front forms as the cold front overtakes the warm front.
How does latitude influence weather and climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.
Why do mid-latitude cyclones affect South Africa in winter?
The southwestern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate, with hot dry summers and cool wet winters. This is because mid-latitude cyclones migrate further north during winter, allowing the edge of the cold front arm to sweep across the southern most part of the country.
Why do mid-latitude cyclones dissipate?
All mid-latitude cyclones eventually weaken and dissipate. This can happen for a combination of the following reasons: loss of access to warm air, loss of access to moisture, occlusion of cooler/drier air around the low. Generally, the cold front moves faster than the warm front. … This will produce an occluded front.
Why does it rain during cyclone?
As a cyclone moves farther inland and is cut off from its supply of warmth and moisture (the ocean), rainfall amounts from tropical cyclones and their remains decrease quickly.