Best answer: What constitutes acid rain?

What makes the acid rain?

Acid rain is caused by a chemical reaction that begins when compounds like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the air. These substances can rise very high into the atmosphere, where they mix and react with water, oxygen, and other chemicals to form more acidic pollutants, known as acid rain.

What are the 3 causes of acid rain?

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) released into the air by fossil-fuel power plants, vehicles and oil refineries are the biggest cause of acid rain today, according to the EPA. Two thirds of sulfur dioxide and one fourth of nitrogen oxide found in the atmosphere come from electric power generators.

Which rainfall can be considered as acid rain?

Acid rain describes any form of precipitation that contains high levels of nitric and sulfuric acids. It can also occur in the form of snow, fog, and tiny bits of dry material that settle to Earth. Normal rain is slightly acidic, with a pH of 5.6, while acid rain generally has a pH between 4.2 and 4.4.

How is acid rain formed 8?

Answer: Pollutants like sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide liberated into the air by industries reacts with water vapour in air to form sulphuric acid and nitric acid. These acids come down as rain, called acid rain.

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What is acid rain for kids?

Acid rain is a form of air pollution. When coal and petroleum are burned in automobiles, electric power plants, and factories, they release certain harmful gases into the air. These gases combine with the oxygen and water in the air.

What pH value causes acid rain?

Normal, clean rain has a pH value of between 5.0 and 5.5, which is slightly acidic. However, when rain combines with sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxides—produced from power plants and automobiles—the rain becomes much more acidic. Typical acid rain has a pH value of 4.0.

What are 3 ways to reduce acid rain?

Instead, we can use renewable energy sources, like solar and wind power. Renewable energy sources help reduce acid rain because they create much less pollution. There are also other sources of electricity, such as nuclear power, hydropower, and geothermal energy. Of these, nuclear and hydropower are used most widely.

Can acid rain burn your skin?

Very strong acids will burn if they touch your skin and can even destroy metals. Acid rain is much, much weaker than this; it is never acidic enough to burn your skin. Rain is always slightly acidic because it mixes with naturally occurring oxides in the air.

What are the 2 most common forms of acid deposition?

Acid deposition-usually referred to simply as acid rain-actually includes two forms of pollution, wet and dry.